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FIXED-TURNING®

the tool that increases one’s skills tenfold…

Like the principle of a CNC lathe, FIXED-TURNING® is based on the simultaneous shifting of a single-point cuting tool around two axes (x, z). Unlike the lathe where the piece rotates, FIXED-TURNING® sees the tool rotating beyond its two axes

(x, z) while the piece (cylinder head) remains still.


The tool, piloted by a numerical system, has the capacity to describe the longest profiles (within the limit of the spindle) together with the most complex ones, including radii, straight lines and diverse concave or convex curves. Like a precision lathe, the FIXED-TURNING® tool machines the most complex shapes with the highest precision.


FIXED-TURNING® carries out different operations, including curves, straight lines, inclined in all directions. The NEWEN® numerical control pilots the shifting of the tool so that the cuting section remains identical regardless of the portion of the machined profile. A powerful computer continuously calculates the optimal trajectory of the tool so that the cutting efforts are consistent and reduced to a minimum. Every single shaving, calculated within fractions of a second, is produced in such way that no fluctuation of the cutting efforts can disrupt the balance and the flexibility of the spindle.


FIXED-TURNING® performs a perfect operation and ensures the air-tightness of the valve seats.


The custom-developed NEWEN® electronic board pilots the numerical axes with an extreme precision and guarantees total uniformity. The computer and its touch-screen represent the most user-friendly interface for an operator who shall be freed-up of the programming constraints using the NEWEN® software that enables him to carry out the most complex operations without necessarily having any programming skills.


The machining programs are automatically optimized and memorized for the operations to follow one another while the precision repeats itself endlessly.

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As in many other domains,

the NEWEN numerical control frees-up and guarantees the excellence of a professional

Technology evoluton

Technology Evolution

Valve seat machining, one century of evolution and … the solution!
Before
PLUNGING
and the carbide form tool
Valve History 01.jpg
Valve History 02.jpg
Drawing 1
Chatter Marks
Drawing 2
Undulations

The lapping of powder metal valve seats, or of some cast iron valve seats, brings about unavoidable chatter marks. Chatter marks are very harmful to a valve since gases escape through them while the valve is shut.


The machined valve seat will consequently deform rapidly and its seal will never be adequate. Chatter marks result from carbide form tools scrapping a large surface of a material with a grainy structure made of different materials (such as powder metals, nodular cast irons...).


Traditional valve seats machined with the lapping technique (form tools), all present undulations measuring hundredths of millimeters that are the direct result of irregular cutting efforts on a 360 degree rotation. The resultants of changing cutting efforts transmit irregular forces on machine spindles that will flex more or less depending on the machine and will yield irregular shapes. This phenomenon, well known by operators of manual machines, is compensated for, when large visible defects appear, with quick and forceful pressure on the spindle command.


The above results in considerable spindle efforts and, while it can help smooth out small defects, it can in no way rectify the geometry.


These undulations, inherent to the very principle of machining by lapping, have unquestionable consequences on valve sealing and require further lapping of each valve on its valve seat to obtain an acceptable seal. Valve lapping, so far accepted out of necessity by engine builders and their customers, has long been banished by engine manufacturers and anyone seeking the minimum quality required by todays engine generations.

Now
FIXED-TURNING®
and the single point tool
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Drawing 3
Geometrical precision

Machining by Interpolation, FIXED-TURNING®, definitely eliminates all defects shown on Drawings 1 and 2.


Micro-chatter marks and undulations are virtually impossible to generate. Single point machining does not allow the formation of such defects. One only needs to consider machining on a lathe to convince oneself.

 

Machining with a turning tool traveling on two
interpolated axes generates a circular micro-groove, perfectly round. The depth of the groove and the interval between 2 grooves is controlled by the numerical control of the machine, yielding the finest achievable surface finishes.


Much like cutting efforts, reduced considerably (300 times and more), surface finish defects are reduced to levels that rank FIXED-TURNING® at the very top of quality scales defined by leading OEMs.

New possibilities

FIXED-TURNING®, a New Era, a New World of Opportunities...

Machining the most difficult cylinder heads is achieved within mere minutes per valve seat for the longest profiles, specially made to enhance the output of the engine. The machining of a traditional “3-Angle” profile will be carried out within a few seconds.

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Motorcycle cylinder heads, the smallest valve seats around and to come (downsizing, at the heart of all the new engine development programs) can be machined with utmost ease and the optimum precision of competion engines...


NEWEN® machines allow each engine rebuilder to position himself as a specialist in the machining of all engine types. The precision that is achieved systematically when using FIXED-TURNING® machines applies to all the engine types, one no longer has to refuse getting involved in such or such machining on such or such cylinder head type, all the difficult machining operations become a source of additional and significant profits.

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The high performance market, the mechanical leisure market, are within the reach of any engine rebuilder equipped with a FIXED-TURNING® machine.


All the precisions required in Formula 1 or any other demanding high performance mechanical sports can be attained automatically and systematically. Perfection is guaranteed.


High-Performance is a growing and lucrative market. The prestige of the high-level professional who gets involved in this specialty shines on his/her entire company.

The COGENERATION, also known as “Combined Heat and Power (CHP)”, the transformation of engines to natural gas and bio-fuels (ethanol) requires rapid and precise machining operations of valve seat counter-bores and very hard valve seats.

The principles of cogeneration have long been known and put to use in a wide variety of applications. Today, advances in ultra-clean natural gas fi red reciprocating engine technology, heat exchangers and system controls, make cogeneration both practical and economical for applications in varying size range.


One aspect of power production that has influenced these advances is the ever increasing need for cleaner energy. Emissions control strategies that allow natural gas fueled internal combustion engines to be applied for CHP & ICHM applications at levels equal to or less than current large power plant standards, have further made Cogeneration more practical, economic and accessible for a broader range of commerical and industrial applications.

FIXED-TURNING® is the ideal tool for these services which become easy, fast, precise and very profitable.

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To machine all the cam-bucket bore housings to oversize dimension in order to insert oversized sleeves in the housings is a simpe operation, precise and profitable with FIXED-TURNING®.

FIXED-TURNING® and its numerical control,

it is the possibility to achieve the impossible in a profitable

and repetitive fashiong.  A technology for all.

Create OFFSET profiles at will...

Machining of venturis (up to 112 degrees) to accelerate the speed of gases.

Venturi: An open angle below the seat that allows to accelerate the speed of exhaust gases through decompression.

Machine all high precision valve seat counterbores with one same cutting tool.  To prepare valve seat housings in all types of cylinder heads, cast iron or aluminum, a precise and profitable job for all the FIXED-TURNING® professionals.

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KOMATSU Natural Gas Cylinder Head
Valve Seat Hardness: 56/58HRC
(573HB+ / 610HV50+)
- Insert used: FT-11-11
- Cutting Speed: 180 m/min
- Machining Mode: Dry Cut
- Cutting Cycle: 28 sec/seat
- Circularity : 1μ to 2.40μ
- Surface Finish: 0.20Ra

Another NEWEN exclusive: the machining of Spark Plug Housing.

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Machine with precision all types of valve guides (cast irons, powdered metals, bronze, any alloys...).  Ream valve guides with utmost precision in a stand alone operation or in a combined valve seat machining operation.

To machine the seats of Mercedes Actros decompressor valves, “it’s child’s play”.

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Opt for FIXED-TURNING® Perfection,

a technology for all and gain access to endless business opportunities...
Your assurance of success!

Quality

Horse Power

FIXED-TURNING® AND NUMERICALLY CONTROLLED MACHINING

The cylinder head, neuralgic center of the engine, gathers all the functionalities that determine the power, the flexibility and the longevity of the engine… The cylinder head is the center of preocupation of engine developpers and repair specialists. NEWEN, the FIXED-TURNING® and the numerical control bring unavoidable and irreplaceable solutions to multiple technical challenges that cannot be solved with older and/or traditional technologies.

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COMBUSTION CHAMBER VOLUMES

The volume of the chambers, their value in cm³ (cubic centimeters or CC) and their concordance between one another within one same engine is a decisive element for the output of each cylinder to be optimum and balanced. Only chambers perfectly similar in volume and shape shall allow output levels and harmonies necessary to the elevated speeds of high-performance engines (refer to “HCCI” technology at the end of this document).

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The FIXED-TURNING® and the NEWEN numerical control allow very high precision machining operations. Valve seats and their specific profiles (Intake and Exhaust) can be duplicated within 1/100mm (0.01mm or 0.00039”), the machining depths are controlled automatically with an electronic depth gauge and a very high precision kinematics.

 

The precise volumes of the chambers are guaranteed by corresponding shapes and perfectly identical depths.

CYLINDER AIR-TIGHNESS

The instantaneous air-tightness of the cylinder is essential to the optimum functioning of the engine and to reach elevated speeds.

The metal to metal contact between the valve and the valve seat must be complete and perfect to ensure this diffi cult air-tightness function. Aside from the quality of the materials that will accept elevated speeds, the metal to metal contact between the valve and the valve seat is the sine qua none condition to obtain a perfect and lasting air-tightness of the cylinder.

 

The perfect shape correspondance between the valve and the valve seat is allowed by the total respect of the geometries (shapes, angles, surface fi nishes…) of the two surfaces in contact.
 

Only the high precision machining of the valves and of the valve seats allows to obtain this

Valve Seat

Valve 

Perfect Seal

Valve Seat

Valve

Contact Areas

Leaks

essential correspondance. The lapping of the valves, which became mandatory in the past because of the lack of precision of the machining of the valve seats and of valves, is strictly proscribed to get the air-tightness levels and the durability of said air-tightness.


NEWEN, the FIXED-TURNING® and its numerical control allow to machine valve seats presenting a shape defect (circularity) in the order of 3μm (or .003mm or .000118”) or less depending upon the materials machined. OEMs require circularity defects not exceeding 5 to 6μm both for valve seats and valves.

 

The NEWEN FIXED-TURNING® and its numerical control allow to adjust angles one hundredth of a degree at a time. It is therefore easy to adjust the angles of the valve seats and of the valves in order to obtain a perfect and lasting air-tighness, without giving in to the destructive temptation of lapping and, consequently, of deforming the shapes of these parts.

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The NEWEN FIXED-TURNING® machines valve seats perfectly round, with very precise angles and the

air-tighness is perfect for many hours of use.

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The machining with a form tool cannot guaranty precise angles and perfectly round seats, hence the necessity to lap valves.  A coice that will lead to a short-lived air-tighness and shall considerably reduce performances.

ALIGNMENT AND COAXIALITIES

Elevated engine speeds, rapid accelerations and descelerations are made possible owing to the reduction of the masses in movement with high-performance valve recall mechanisms. But all these performances are only possible owing to a drastic reduction of frictions and bracing of parts in movement, valves, cam-buckets, intake cam... without forgetting the controlled functioning of the valve recall system.


Aside from the circularity of valves and valve seats, the coaxialities of the valve guides, of the valves, of the cam-buckets and of the cams shall allow the movement of all these parts while eliminating:


• parasitic frictions
• the sliding of the valve “heads” on their seat
• the bracing of the cam-buckets within their respecitive housings.


Contrary to generally accepted ideas, it is not possible to control the concentricity between a valve seat and a valve guide by forcing a tappered pilot within a guide and using this pilot as a support for a concentricity gauge. It is even more improbable to use the same technic to allow a tool to bore a cam-bucket bore housing concentric to the valve guide, the essential condition to a good performance of the engine.


The kinematics of the NEWEN FIXED-TURNING® includes a hydraulic centering of the centering pilots that allow the machining spindle to center with a defect not exceeding a few microns ( μ= 0.001mm = .000039”).

The FIXED-TURNING® pilot does not constrain the valve guide and takes into account the machining imperfections of the valve guides. In the same way, the machining of a cam-bucket bore housing shall respect the guiding axis of the cam-bucket.


Machining with FIXED-TURNING® guaranties that the valve seat, the valve guide and the cam-bucket bore housing shall have one same axis, shall be perfectly aligned, and that the parts shall be able to move at the highest speeds without being subjected to frictions and parasitic brakings that would render the functionning of the engine at high RPM impossible, with corollary a rapid wear and an obvious risk of mechanical incidents.


The machining of the guides, of the valve seats and of the cam-bucket bore housings with FIXED-TURNING® guaranties an ultra rapid functionning of the engine, in conjunction with the components used, Titanium alloy valves, special springs, special valve seats… without risk of air-tightness defect, parasitage in the functionning by frictions and oil fi lm ruptures. The panicking of valves, unable to follow elevated regimes, shall also be avoided.

 

The NEWEN FIXED-TURNING® is a machining concept which has been developped to bring back machining defects within values expressed in microns and no longer in hundredths of a millimeter.

The precision of the coaxialities permits high regimes and an optimum functioning of the engine.

The coaxiality defect of the axes causes areas with elavated frinctions* that will slow down the travel of various parts, that will destroy  the air-tightness of the cylinders and that will lead to seizings while drastically limiting the rotation speeds of the engine, all the above being accentuated by an unbalance of the cylinders between one another.  Each unbalance is at the origin of mechanical constraints on the parts in movements, constaints that will result in a premature wear of said parts.

EXHAUST PROFILES

After the explosion of the mixture (fuel-comburant), residual gases from the combustion fill up the cylinder and must be evacuated through the exhaust ducts, expelled by the piston that is coming back up towards its high point. The exhaust valve shall close progressively prior to the piston going down again, aspirating some fresh mix again in the process. This closing period is critical for the exhaust valve. Gases heated to an extreme temperature are in addition laminated between the valve seat and the valve that is closing.

The valve seat and the valve are subjected to the abrasiveness of the laminated gases and the temperature is then at its height on the surfaces that will ensure the contact and the air-tightness for a few thousands of a second. In order for this contact not to correspond to a rapid degradation of the surfaces in contact, it is necessary that these contact areas be optimum in surface (mm2) and that their forms be complementary (angles, circularity, surface finish…).

 

NEWEN FIXED-TURNING® allows the machining of exhaust valve seats large enough not to deform themselves, while having an angle as close to that of the valve as possible. The round shape free of facets and undulations shall allow the metal to metal contact on the entire surface of the seat that will ensure a good thermal exchange, a perfect air-tightness and maximum reliability.

The FIXED-TURNING® allows to machine profi les with quasi unlimited lengths. We can therefore machine the exhaust duct to ease the extraction of gases and, in particular, of venturis that will allow gases to release right after passing the seat and, consequently, to accelerate their speed. Sharp angles, steps, diameter differences that lead to turbulances and slowing of gaseous flow,

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Step free connections with a shape favoring turbulence free flow of the gases.

Seat areas wide and tallying with the valve for a large resistance to the abrasiveness of the gases.

Venturi for the quick expansion and accelaration of the gases.

shall be erased and each conduit (bowl/back wall) shall be optimized and perfectly identical to other conduits for a better management of the functionning of the engine.

INTAKE PROFILES

Unlike exhaust seats and valves, intake seats and valves are not subjected to the lamination of burning gases and the ensuing abrasion. Intake valve seats must allow the filling up, as complete as possible, of the cylinder with a fresh air/gasoline mix aspirated by the lowering of the piston and possibly pushed by the action of a turbo and a compressor.

The shape of the conduits (bowl area) must be optimum to allow a maximum fl ow of the gases, without generating of parasitic turbulances. The angle of the seat itself participates to the guiding of the gaseous mix and must be perfectly integrated into the general shape of the conduit.


Depending on the shape of the chambers, the profi les made up of line segments and radii perfectly linked to one another shall allow an optimum fl ow of the gases. Sharp angles are baned and a coherent profi le shall guide the largest possible volume of gas during the short opening of the valve. The perfect seal of the valve shall allow an optimum combustion and output as well as a fl awless reliability.

Only the FIXED-TURNING® allows the optimization of the intake conduit from the valve guide up to the edge of the cylinder. A machining with a perfectly mastered shape shall be carried out in one single operation and repeated identically for each cylinder. The original machining of the cylinder heads is carried out by a succession of complementary machining operations, valve seat housings, seat, machining of the angles… which automatically create irregularities harmful to the flow of gazes. The FIXED-TURNING® provides a continuous machining, without interruption, of the entire conduit, including the valve seat, which shall be machined without being subjected to the constraints of the remainder of the machining. The FIXED-TURNING® and the uninterrupted machining of the conduits and seats allows an optimum filling of the

Profile made up of line segments and radii optimizing the guiding of the mix towards the cylinder.

Seat perfectly round and air-tight with an angle prefectly adjusted to that of the valves.

Small anti-turbulance link radius.

Conduit shapes (Bowl) perfectly belnded and strictly identical between one another.

Raw material

Constant and smooth profile of the entire conduit (bowl), including the valve resting area of the valve.

cylinders, a total regularity between the cylinders and, consequently, an optimum output of the engine.

REGULARITY OF THE FLUX AND BALANCING OF THE CYLINDERS

Each cylinder brings a proportional part to the power of the engine and only a perfect similarity between the power supplied by each cylinder shall allow an effi cient functioning of the engine at high RPMs.


Cylinders with perfectly identical behaviors shall allow to obtain an engine free of parasitic vibrations and shall allow elevated speeds.


NEWEN and the FIXED-TURNING® allow continuous machinings, regular and similar in all points, from one conduit to another, from one engine to another. The most sophisticated shapes are authorized in places where classic machining processes with form tools are powerless and ineffi cient.


NEWEN allows perfect valve seats and, consequently, an increased efficiency of each cylinder while permitting an exceptional reliability.


The respect of the machined depths is made possible by two particularities exclusive to the FIXED-TURNING®:

the FIXED-TURNING® allows machinings as small as 

one hundredth of a millimeter (.00039”) on an entire profile, regardless of its length, while providing a perfect geometry of the seat (circularity, angle, concentricity…) 

 

the numerical control of the FIXED-TURNING® autorizes depth adjustments within + or – 0.01mm (1/100mm) or .00039”.

The combination of these two exclusive possibilities allows to obtain perfectly identical combustion chambers that will give the engine its balance and its capacity to “rev at high rpms”.

 

These precision machining capacities exclusively guarantied by FIXED-TURNING® already permit the possibility to repair future engines integrating the HCCI technology (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) that will revolutionize the gasoline engine by making it clean and very effi cient.


As a reminder, the HCCI technology allows to eliminate spark plugs, owing to the mastering of the compression of the air/gasoline mixture and, thus, by mastering an auto ignition of the combustible mixture. The consumption and power gains shall make this technique unavoidable. The machining of the cylinder heads will give a large part to the precision of the volumes of the chambers and machining depths. Only machining processes allowing minimal and extremely precise cuts shall be possible. The FIXED-TURNING® is already ready to meet this new challenge.

Performance and reliability go hand in hand

with precision and numerical control.

FIXED-TURNING®

in advance of its time?

No, the  FIXED-TURNING® is right on time

to accompany engine specialists

desiring not to be outpaced by

technological evolutions.

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Quality

Quality

QUALITY IS NOT ASSUMED!
IT IS MEASURED AND PROVEN

Traditional measuring means are not sufficient to precisely control valve seats and valve guides machined with NEWEN® FIXED-TURNING® machines.


NEWEN® has equipped itself with a TALYROND 365XL control machine, especially conceived and dedicated to the measurement of shapes, coaxialities, surface finish...

This machine whose resolution is 1/100 of a micron allows to automatically control all geometric parameters that defi ne the quality of a guide and of a valve seat : circularity, concentricity, runout, cylindricity, segment linearity, angle, surface finish...

 

The control reports and graphs resulting from the tests are indisputably recognized by the control departments of the most prestigious OEMs.

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THE INDUSTRY

BENCHMARK

All NEWEN FIXED-TURNING® machines

automatically and regularly produce valve seats

with form defects

not exceeding 2 microns (0.002mm / 0.00008").

A quality envied by the most reputable

and most avant-guarde OEMs.

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